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ART-SONG

Late Greek songs

Contemporary Art music

In late 1950s, when the style of urban folk songs had already solidified and become closely related to light songs, Manos Hadjidakis (Xanthi 1925 – Athens 1994) Broadway – «’ » [1961]. « » (1955) - « ». «» (1955) « ». « » [1960]. - «». « » (1956) and Mikis Theodorakis (Chios 1925) « BBC 1958» « 1960» – « » [1961]. « » « » - 1962. who were already skillful composers made their presence known to the public. Their common characteristic was that they were both influenced by western art music (they had both studied that field) as well as urban folk music, which they researched and adapted to their compositions. « » [1961] . The lecture on rebetiko songs given in 1949 in Athens by Manos Hadjidakis was characteristic, stressing the significant artistic quality of rebetiko songs, which at that time were held in contempt by most Greek intellectuals and artists, as well as most of Greek society.

These two composers merged Greek urban folk music with western music for the first time and set music to lyrics as well as poems by significant poets, like Giorgos Seferis « » – « » [1968]. , Odysseas Elytis « » – « » [1972]. – «» [1963]. - « » [1965]. 1977. , Nikos Gatsos « » – « » [1971]. – « » [1964]. - « » [1958]. , Tasos Leivaditis « » – « » (1960]. , Iakovos Kampanellis « », – « » [1960]. – « » [1963]. - « » [1965]. , Giannis Ritsos « » - «» [1958]. and others. Thus, they introduced new social issues in Greek songs, which up to that time were mainly concerned with love, fun and wine. Given the skillfulness of the two composers, these songs had such a big success that the words of these significant poets ended up in the singing of common people in taverns and neighborhoods. Giorgos Seferis’ « » astonishment when he returned to Athens from London, were he served as the Greek Ambassador, is characteristic of the success of these songs. He and M. Theodorakis went to a tavern and to his surprise he heard all the people in the tavern sing “I Arnisi”- Sto Perigiali (The denial – on the secluded beach) - «» [1960]. The popularity of Theodorakis’ and Hadjidakis’ music was not confined to Greece but was an international success with many of their songs translated to several languages and sang throughout the world. We are referring, of course, to Mikis Theodorakis’ legendary “Zorba” from Michalis Kakogiannis’ homonymous film « » [1964] and Manos Hadjidakis’ “Ta paidia tou Piraia” (The Lads from Piraeus) from Jules Dassin’s film “Never on Sunday« « » « » - « » [1961] Thus, a new kind of song was established called “Entechno” (Artistic). This term was used for the first time in the 1960s to differentiate these songs from the rest.

This new tendency was followed by many other composers, like:

Mimis Plessas (Athens 1924) « » « » – « » [1969]. - « ». « » (1969)

Mamangakis Nikos (Rethymno 1929) « » - « » [1982].

Stavros Kougioumtzis (Thessaloniki 1932) « » – « » [1993]. « » [1971]. .

Loukianos Kilaidonis (Athens 1934) « » « » [1978]. « ».

Dimos Moutsis (Piraeus 1938) « » – « » [1972]. - « » [1981]. 1980.

Stavros Xarchakos (Athens 1939)  « » – « » [1974]. – « » [1983]. - «». « » [1965].

Giannis Markopoulos (Heraklion, Crete 1939) « » – « » [1977]. «». .

Eleni Karaindrou (Teichio, Doris 1941) « » – « » [1975]. « » [1995] « ». [1984].

Giorgos Kouroupos (Athens 1942) « » – «» [1985].

Dionysis Savvopoulos (Thessaloniki 1944) « » « » [1969]. « » [1983]. « » [1966]

Giorgos Hadjinasios (Thessaloniki 1944) « » – « » [1976]. - « ». Eurovision 1977

Manos Loizos (Alexandria 1947 – Moscow 1982) « » - « » [1969]. « ». (1971)

Thanos Mikroutsikos (Patra 1947) « » – « » [1979]. - «» [1996].

Argyris Bakirtzis (Thessaloniki 1947) « » « » [1985].

Stamatis Spanoudakis (Athens 1948) « » «’ » [1987] – « » [1998].

Antonis Vardis (Athens 1948) « » «» [1980] – « » -

Ilias Andriopoulos (Ilia 1950) « » - « » [1978]. .

Nikos Xydakis (Cairo 1952) « » – « » [2002]. - « » [1979].

Nikos Kypourgos (Athens 1952) « » – « » [1981]. «». .

Nikos Antypas (Athens 1953) « » - « » [1992]. - «» [1997].

Dionysis Tsaknis (Karditsa 1954) « » «» [1990]. - « » [1996].

Stamatis Kraounakis (Athens 1955) « » – « » [1993].

Sokratis Malamas (Chalkidiki 1957) « » – «» [2005]. «» [2002].

Orpheas Peridis (Athens 1957) « » «» [1993]. «» [1999].

Pantelis Thalassinos (Piraeus 1958) « » – « ’ ’ » [2001]. - « » [1996].

Evanthia Reboutsika (Lower Achaia 1958) « » – « » [1997]. - « » [1997].

Thanasis Papakonstantinou (Tyrnavos 1959) « » « » [1995]. « » [1996].

Giorgos Andreou (Serres 1961) « » « » [2001] – «» [2006].

Alkinoos Ioannidis (Nicosia 1970) « » « » [1999]. « ».

Phivos Delivorias (Athens 1973) « » « » [2003]. «» [2007].

Michalis Hadjigiannis (Nicosia 1978) « » – « » [2006]. - « » [2004]. and others.

The “entechno” songs, adapted to contemporary needs, continue to evolve.